Various Kinds of Medical Drugs Based on their Purpose of Use – Medical drugs play an important role in preventing, reducing, and curing certain symptoms, diseases or health problems.
Most of the methods of therapy or medical treatment are inseparable from the use of drugs.
There are so many types of drugs with different functions that can treat various diseases, ranging from minor to severe ailments.
So, to better understand, know the types of medicines based on the dosage form and the following classifications, let’s go!
Types of Medical Drugs Based on Their Form or Availability
Medicines are composed of active ingredients or substances that have a therapeutic (restoring) effect on the body. The active constituents of the drug can be formulated into various forms.
Generally, you may often find drugs in solid form like tablets or capsules.
However, there are also other types of drugs that are available in the form of syrups, injections, or suppositories.
Drug formulations in different forms aim to support their function and efficacy, for example certain drugs will be more effective and work faster if they are injected rather than taken by mouth.
In addition, the form of the drug is also tailored to the needs of the patient, such as the type of liquid medicine prescribed to patients who have difficulty swallowing solid drugs.
Based on the dosage form of the drug, the NHS describes the types of drugs that can be grouped as follows:
- Liquid Medicines, Tablets, Capsules, Topical Medicines, Suppositories, Drops, Inhalers, Syringes and Implants or Patche.
The purpose of knowing the drug classification
Medicines can also be grouped based on similarity in function, mode of action, active substance content, and chemical structure of drugs in a certain classification.
Drug classification aims for safety as well as optimizing the use of drugs so that they can provide benefits that outweigh the risks.
The reason is, each drug consumption causes changes in certain chemical reactions in the body. In addition to restoring certain health problems, drugs can also have side effects.
If you take too much medication, especially over a long period of time, changes in the chemical reactions in your body can make the drug work less and less effective.
In fact, most taking medication also has the risk of increasing more dangerous side effects.
Drug classification also helps doctors and other health professionals know the effects of interactions from the use of several drugs.
This can help determine the correct dosage and stage of treatment as well as prevent drug-resistant effects, such as antibiotic resistance.
Types of Drugs Based on Medical Classifications
Actually, in the pharmaceutical world there are several classifications of drugs that can be used as a reference by doctors and medical personnel, such as the ATC Classification System from WHO or the classification of drugs from the Indonesian Ministry of Health.
However, the classification of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) helps you as a patient to identify types of drugs based on their content, use, and how they work more easily.
The following are the various classes of drugs included in the USP classification:
- Analgesics, Antacids, Anti-anxiety, Antiarrhythmics, Antibiotics, Anticoagulants and Thrombolytics, Anticonvulsants, Antidepressants, Antidiarrheal, Antiemetics, Anti-fungi, Antihistamines, Antihypertensives, Anti-Inflammatory, Antineoplastic, Antipsychotic, Antipyretic, Antivirus, Beta-Blocker, Bronchodilator Decongestants, Expectorants and Sleeping Pills.
You can also find some alternative drug options with the same use if the consumption of a particular drug turns out to be ineffective or has adverse side effects.